Minerals in Rajasthan

Rajasthan is a mineral-rich state. The are many varieties of minerals in Rajasthan. The state offers more than 75 varieties of minerals out of which more than 50 are commercially mined. The minerals found in Rajasthan are used by various industries as a raw material for manufacturing processes.

The state dominates in manufacturing the major minerals in Rajasthan like Lead-Zinc, Wollastonite, Gypsum, Calcite, Ochre, Silver, Rock Phosphate etc.

List of minerals found in Rajasthan


Copper Ore


Iron Ore

Lead Ore

Manganese Ore


Zinc Ore   









Tungsten Ore   

Uranium Ore   


Natural Gas   

Petroleum (Crude Oil)   


Ball Clay   



China Clay/White Clay   



Fire Clay   


Garnet (Abrasive & Gem)   






Limestone (SMS & Cement Grade)   



Ochers (red&yellow)   



Quartzite (Refractory)   

Rock Phosphate   


Silica Sand   

Siliceous Earth   











Emerald Crude   


Nepheline Syenite   




Brick Earth   


Dolomite (Chips)   

Fuller’s Earth   


Limestone (Building & Burning)   








Serpentinite (Green Marble)   

Shale/Phyllite/Schist (Patti Katla)   


Mines and Minerals in Rajasthan

Rajasthan is the sole producer of a variety of minerals including Lead and Zinc ores, Selenite, Wollestine etc. The state is also a leading producer of Calcite, Silver, Gypsum, Rock Phosphate, Steel and Cement grade limestone, Feldspar etc.

Besides, Rajasthan holds a major producer of dimensional and decorative stones like granite, marble sandstone etc.

Mineral-based industries in Rajasthan

Due to the availability of a large variety of metallic and non-metallic industrial minerals, Rajasthan offers a huge potential of mineral-based industries.

Important Mineral-Based Industries:

  • Cement Plants
  • Copper Smelter
  • Fertilizer (single super phosphate/urea)
  • Glazed tiles and ceramic
  • Insulator (L.T. & H.T.)
  • Lead-Zinc beneficiation plants
  • Ceramic sanitary ware
  • Sulphuric acid
  • Super Zinc smelter
  • Lead-Zinc smelter
  • Zinc smelter
  • Quartz, Feldspar grinding & pulverizing units
  • Iron pelletization plant
  • Petroleum product
  • Lignite/coal power plants
  • Marble & Granite cutting-polishing units

Rajasthan state has leveraged the geographical benefits and the abundance of natural resources by formulating investment-friendly miner policy. Since the state has a rich source of minerals, Rajasthan has become a hub for mineral-based industrial in India.

Minerals – The building blocks of life

Whenever someone speaks of this word minerals the only image which comes to our mind is of what we have learned about minerals in our school days and how they are an important part of our nutrients. But minerals, in general, cannot be just categorized into mineral nutrients which are derived from food and vegetables. The term minerals form a huge category of materials which are found naturally into our earth crust and yes we used them in our everyday life and we don’t even know about it. 

Everything which revolves around us or which we use in our daily life is made out of natural minerals. Starting our day from using a toothbrush – toothpaste, to soap, or bathtubs, to the clothes we wear, to the cosmetics we use – to the chinaware and glass utensils we use, the house we live in, the car we drive, computers and mobile phones we use to the newspaper we read or the even to the Chocolates we eat to the medicines we hate, the fact remains is that our life is full of minerals either we know it or we don’t. 

Do not be surprised!!

We are living a mineral-full life and minerals are the building block of our daily life.

Our job here at SKKU MINERALS is to find the rightful natural mineral resources and use them sustainably for fulfilling our day to day needs. Natural resources and minerals are scarce and the only thing as humans we can do is to bring them to the best of our users without any wastage or damaging the natural environment. 

We like to do our best to fulfil the needs of the market as well as find newer uses of existing minerals and natural resources which can effectively satisfy our human needs. 

For more details please refer to our product details.SKKU Minerals is a leading Talc powder manufacturers, also provides the top level of Muscovite Powder, Pyrophyllite Powder and many more.

Understanding Talc – From Mining to Uses

Most people are familiar with the mineral talc. A naturally occurring mineral, talc is a hydrous magnesium silicate mineral (Mg3Si4O10(OH)2) composed of magnesium, silicon, hydrogen and oxygen. Mined from Earth, this “secret ingredient” is odourless, colourless and imperceptible. And because of its properties, it is highly effective for so many applications.

What is Talc?

Talc is the softest known mineral with a pearly lustre. It can be green, white, grey, brown, or colourless. It is a monoclinic mineral with a sheet structure having perfect cleavage that follows planes between the weakly bonded sheets. These sheets are held together by Van der Waals bonds allowing them to slip past one another. This gives the mineral an extremely soft, greasy and soapy feel.

The most common form of talc is seen as talcum powder where the mineral is crushed into the form of white powder. This powder has the ability to absorb moisture, oil, odours, serve as a lubricant, and produce an astringent effect on human skin. All these properties make talc an important ingredient in baby powders, foot powders, first aid powders, and a variety of cosmetics application.

Soapstone is another widely known form of talc. This soft rock can be easily carved to make sculptures, bowls, countertops, sinks, hearths, pipe bowls, and many other ornamental and practical objects.

Moreover, the talc suppliers in India say that talc’s unique properties make it an important ingredient for making ceramics, paint, paper, roofing materials, plastics, rubber, insecticides, and many other products.

Uses of Talc

Talc is an important ingredient in rubber manufacturing, paint, paper industry, and also a primary ingredient in various cosmetics. Most people use products made from talc every day; however, they don’t realize that talc is in the product or the special role that it plays.

Some of the common uses of talc are:

  • Cosmetics and Antiperspirants
  • Roofing Materials
  • Pulp and Paper
  • Paints and Coatings
  • Plastic and Rubber
  • Cordierite Ceramics
  • Polyester Putties
  • Food
  • Personal Care
  • Pharmaceuticals

Talc for Plastics

Talc is used as a filler in plastic. Talc particles have a platy shape that increases the stiffness of products like polypropylene, vinyl, polyethene, nylon, and polyester. It also reduces shrinkage and increases its heat resisting power.

Talc for Ceramics

Talc is used in the manufacturing of ceramics products such as bathroom fixtures, ceramic tile, pottery, and dinnerware. Talc improves the firing characteristics and strengthens the finished product. Therefore, it is used as a filler in ceramic manufacturing.

Talc for Paint

Talc has a unique sheen which serves to whiten and brighten the paint. Paints are made from suspensions of mineral particles in a liquid. Where the liquid portion facilitates the application process and once it evaporates, the mineral particles remain on the wall. Talc is used as an extender and filler in paints. Moreover, the softness of talc reduces abrasion damage on spray nozzles and other equipment when the paint is applied.

Talc for Paper

Here again, talk mineral serves as a filler. Paper is made of pulp from organic fibres like wood, rags, and other organic materials. The talc fills spaces between the pulp fibres when rolled into thin sheets, resulting in a paper with a much smoother writing surface. Talc also improves opacity, brightness, and whiteness of the paper and its ability to absorb ink.

Talc for Cosmetics and Antiperspirants

The smooth and fine property of talc is used as a base in many cosmetic products. The tiny platelets of the mineral powder get attached to the skin quickly and can also be washed off easily without causing skin abrasion.

As mentioned earlier, the mineral also has the ability to absorb oils and perspiration produced by human skin.

Talc for Roofing Materials

Talc property can be used to improve its resistance to the weather. Therefore, it is added to the asphaltic materials that are used to make roofing materials. When dusted on the surface of roll roofing and shingles, it prevents sticking.

Other Uses of Talc

Finely grounded talc is used as a lubricant in many applications involving high temperatures. It has a tendency to survive in high temperature where other oil-based lubricants might get destroyed. The mineral is also used as a carrier for insecticides and fungicides. It can easily be blown through a nozzle and readily sticks to the leaves and stems of plants.

How Does Talc Form?

Talc mining in India is done at a few selected locations. Talc is found in metamorphic rocks of convergent plate boundaries. It is formed from two processes.

  1. Heated water carrying dissolved magnesium and silica reacts with dolomitic marbles.
  2. Heat and active fluids alter dunite and serpentinite like rocks into talc.

Talc Mining and Processing

Talc mines in India are open-pit mines. According to the talc miners,  rocks are drilled, blasted, and partially crushed in the mining operation. These rocks are then taken to a mill, where they are further grounded finely to meets customer requirements for particle size, brightness, composition, and other properties.