Indian Talc Market

Talc comprises as one of the key minerals in the category of industrial minerals traded from the country. India stands as one key resource for various grades of talc for domestic consumption as well as exports. India has one of the best and purest of talc deposits in the world. 

The state of Rajasthan in the northwestern part of India is the epicentre of traditional talc trade since the beginning of the century. The key talc mining areas lie in and around the districts of Udaipur, Jaipur, Dausa and Bhilwara where the talc industry lies. 

There are more than 400 small and medium industries which work around talc and associated minerals in mining and processing of minerals. 

The state of Rajasthan has various grades of talc composing of Pure Talc, Talc Chlorites to Talc carbonates. The major deposits still comprise of Talc Carbonate. Based on the nature of talc the talc is been processed and ground in various mills like pulverizes, roller mills, jet mills into various fineness of powders for use in industries like ceramics, paper, paints and coatings, plastics, rubber, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and many more.

The talc industry is divided into three major categories:

  1. Mine owners
  2. Processors/Manufacturers
  3. Traders/Exporters

The division is based on the specialization and complexity of trade as all activities are treated as a separate entity. This division has given away to the development of many industries, traders and associations and hence the nature of business is not monopolistic.  

Talc users:

Initially, the paper industry was the key consumer of the talc powder with bulk consumptions. Gradually, with the development of other minerals, the use of talc in paper reduced but it still remains as one of the bulk consumers of talc. Even the smallest of paper mills consume talc not less than 100- 150 MT a month. 

Today, paints and coatings industries are the key consumer of talc with the plastic industry as the growth inhibitors. Other major industries are ceramics, rubber, foundry, refractory, soaps, cosmetics, food and pharma.

Mining developments:

Talc was once a sought commodity from Rajasthan but the recent developments in mining have led to finding more potent and high-quality white talc resources from the state of Uttrakhand. Last 15 years have seen an uprise in the talc mining from the northern Indian state of Uttrakhand. The quality is incomparable to any commercial white talc resource from Rajasthan or from around the world and Uttarakhand becomes one key player especially for white and pure talc from India.

As for talc mining, Uttarakhand becomes new Rajasthan with high-quality pure talc lumps. The deposits here are huge, pure and sought for high-end applications in plastics, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals.

Although everything looks good, the tough weather situations in Uttarakhand does not lead to a fuller development of the talc industry. There are many small and medium-sized players who buy talc lumps and grind them there. However, the weather and geographic conditions for a fuller development of the talc industry do not support.

Therefore the talc mined in Uttarakhand is traded in various parts of India and also much of high-quality talc is been exported worldwide.

States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka in the southern part of India also have talc resources though not in the purest form. The natural talc is a mixture of carbonates.

The availability of talc deposit is a boon to the local industries consumes the talc coming from Rajasthan. 

Moreover, there has been news of finding new talc resources in the states of Jharkhand, M.P, Assam, Maharashtra, Orissa but these are into the development phase and there is no news concerning the commercialization of these resources. 

Also, neighbouring countries like Nepal and Bhutan have a subsequent quality of talc resources but mining in these countries have been banned due to environmental factors.

Future of Talc:

The demand for talc has been rising and so is the production. Therefore there is no lack of demand or supply. However, geographically the talc markets are more distributed now with the development of the talc industry around the mining resources.  Rajasthan is still the key producer and distributor of talc because of the inflow of white talc raw materials coming from Haldwani Uttrakhand.

Government policies towards mining also play a major role. In recent times there has been no major development in granting new leases or reviving old mining leases or closed mines. 

But recent developments in plastics, especially automobile plastics and demand for ultrafine powders, have given away to new developments and newer markets and there will be newer requirements for technical products. 

Exports: 

India remains one of the stable economies for the supply of conflict-free talc lumps for export worldwide. The best quality talc lumps from Uttarakhand are a pricey possession and exported worldwide. Japan remains as a key buyer for the top quality of talc raw material importer from India besides exports to other parts of the world. 

From Asian continent, Pakistan and Afghanistan are key exporters of white talc lumps besides China but the materials coming from Afghan and Pak does not 100% qualify as conflict-free and some confusion of illicit trade always remains. So, this gives much hope to the buyers for Indian talc which is conflict-free and is mined and exported legally from the country. 

SKKU MINERALS:

SKKU MINERALS, leading Talc Powder manufacturers, stands as an independent prominent player in the production and distribution of quality/technical talc and associated minerals. Over time, SKKU MINERALS has developed a partnership with various mine owners from Rajasthan and other states for supply of quality talc products. We have dedicated plants for the manufacturing of technical talc products for applications ranging in food, cosmetics, pharma and plastics. Also, ultra-fine products have been developed as Tio2 Spacer for reducing the use of Tio2 in various end-use formulations.

For more information get in touch with us info@skkuminerals.com 

IMP: Statistical data’s pertaining to talc have purposefully not been used as they are misleading and incomplete.

What is Mica Powder and What are its uses?

Mica is a naturally occurring stone mineral with shiny flakes which is its powdered form is known as mica powder. Therefore, mica powder is soft and sparkly like very fine glitter. It is used to give a metallic or shimmery pearl-like effect. Although mica power comes in many colours. It is not optimal for colouring purpose rather it is used to create sparkle or shine.

As an element, mica is optically flat, translucent and elastic in nature. The composition includes silicate, aluminium, potassium, manganese, water and iron. Mica or Muscovite Powder is the most preferred mineral in various manufacturing industries and in other personal applications because it contains the highest amount of silica.

Mica Powder Uses

Mica contains a high amount of silica making the element the most preferred mineral to be used in various industries and also for other personal uses.

The elastic property of mica makes it useful as fillers and extenders. Besides, mica powder also gives uniform smoothness which prevents cracking. 

Mica can be added to grease which would increase its durability and give it a better and smoother surface.

There are a variety of uses of mica such as:

  • Mica powder is used in paints as a pigment extender. It is also used to brighten the tone of coloured pigments
  • Mica is also used for thermal insulation and electrical insulators in electronic equipment the electrical industry
  • The shiny and glittery look of mica powder makes it a common and important ingredient for toothpaste and cosmetics.
  • Mica shields or gauge glass mica can be used to secure the liquid level gauges from corrosive and acidic solutions.
  • Mica mineral is also used in gypsum wallboard combined compound where it acts as wadding and prevents cracking.

Mica in Rajasthan

Mica mineral is produced in vast proportions in the state of Rajasthan. Rajasthan is one of the largest producers of metals and minerals like copper, zinc, gypsum, mica etc. The state is also one of the largest suppliers of mica. Mica is Rajasthan is produced as per its demand in the national and international market.

India being the hub of mica production, stringently and easily meets the demand before the deadline.

Minerals in Rajasthan

Rajasthan is a mineral-rich state. The are many varieties of minerals in Rajasthan. The state offers more than 75 varieties of minerals out of which more than 50 are commercially mined. The minerals found in Rajasthan are used by various industries as a raw material for manufacturing processes.

The state dominates in manufacturing the major minerals in Rajasthan like Lead-Zinc, Wollastonite, Gypsum, Calcite, Ochre, Silver, Rock Phosphate etc.

List of minerals found in Rajasthan

Cadmium

Copper Ore

Gold

Iron Ore

Lead Ore

Manganese Ore

Silver

Zinc Ore   

Bauxite   

Bismuth   

Cobalt   

Molybdenum   

Nickel   

Platinum   

Pyrite   

Tin   

Tungsten Ore   

Uranium Ore   

Lignite   

Natural Gas   

Petroleum (Crude Oil)   

Asbestos   

Ball Clay   

Barytes   

Calcite   

China Clay/White Clay   

Dolomite   

Feldspar   

Fire Clay   

Fluorspar   

Garnet (Abrasive & Gem)   

Graphite   

Gypsum   

Jasper   

Kyanite   

Laterite   

Limestone (SMS & Cement Grade)   

Magnesite   

Mica   

Ochers (red&yellow)   

Pyrophyllite   

Quartz   

Quartzite (Refractory)   

Rock Phosphate   

Selenite   

Silica Sand   

Siliceous Earth   

Soapstone   

Vermiculite   

Wollastonite   

Topaz   

Tourmaline   

Agate/Amethyst   

Apatite   

Aquamarine   

Beryl   

Corundum   

Emerald Crude   

Epidote   

Nepheline Syenite   

Sillimanite   

Bajari/Kankar   

Bentonite   

Brick Earth   

Chert

Dolomite (Chips)   

Fuller’s Earth   

Granite   

Limestone (Building & Burning)   

Marble   

MillStone

Murram

Quartzite

Rhyolite

Sandstone

Saltpetre

Serpentinite (Green Marble)   

Shale/Phyllite/Schist (Patti Katla)   

Slatestone

Mines and Minerals in Rajasthan

Rajasthan is the sole producer of a variety of minerals including Lead and Zinc ores, Selenite, Wollestine etc. The state is also a leading producer of Calcite, Silver, Gypsum, Rock Phosphate, Steel and Cement grade limestone, Feldspar etc.

Besides, Rajasthan holds a major producer of dimensional and decorative stones like granite, marble sandstone etc.

Mineral-based industries in Rajasthan

Due to the availability of a large variety of metallic and non-metallic industrial minerals, Rajasthan offers a huge potential of mineral-based industries.

Important Mineral-Based Industries:

  • Cement Plants
  • Copper Smelter
  • Fertilizer (single super phosphate/urea)
  • Glazed tiles and ceramic
  • Insulator (L.T. & H.T.)
  • Lead-Zinc beneficiation plants
  • Ceramic sanitary ware
  • Sulphuric acid
  • Super Zinc smelter
  • Lead-Zinc smelter
  • Zinc smelter
  • Quartz, Feldspar grinding & pulverizing units
  • Iron pelletization plant
  • Petroleum product
  • Lignite/coal power plants
  • Marble & Granite cutting-polishing units

Rajasthan state has leveraged the geographical benefits and the abundance of natural resources by formulating investment-friendly miner policy. Since the state has a rich source of minerals, Rajasthan has become a hub for mineral-based industrial in India.

Minerals – The building blocks of life

Whenever someone speaks of this word minerals the only image which comes to our mind is of what we have learned about minerals in our school days and how they are an important part of our nutrients. But minerals, in general, cannot be just categorized into mineral nutrients which are derived from food and vegetables. The term minerals form a huge category of materials which are found naturally into our earth crust and yes we used them in our everyday life and we don’t even know about it. 

Everything which revolves around us or which we use in our daily life is made out of natural minerals. Starting our day from using a toothbrush – toothpaste, to soap, or bathtubs, to the clothes we wear, to the cosmetics we use – to the chinaware and glass utensils we use, the house we live in, the car we drive, computers and mobile phones we use to the newspaper we read or the even to the Chocolates we eat to the medicines we hate, the fact remains is that our life is full of minerals either we know it or we don’t. 

Do not be surprised!!

We are living a mineral-full life and minerals are the building block of our daily life.

Our job here at SKKU MINERALS is to find the rightful natural mineral resources and use them sustainably for fulfilling our day to day needs. Natural resources and minerals are scarce and the only thing as humans we can do is to bring them to the best of our users without any wastage or damaging the natural environment. 

We like to do our best to fulfil the needs of the market as well as find newer uses of existing minerals and natural resources which can effectively satisfy our human needs. 

For more details please refer to our product details.SKKU Minerals is a leading Talc powder manufacturers, also provides the top level of Muscovite Powder, Pyrophyllite Powder and many more.

Understanding Talc – From Mining to Uses

Most people are familiar with the mineral talc. A naturally occurring mineral, talc is a hydrous magnesium silicate mineral (Mg3Si4O10(OH)2) composed of magnesium, silicon, hydrogen and oxygen. Mined from Earth, this “secret ingredient” is odourless, colourless and imperceptible. And because of its properties, it is highly effective for so many applications.

What is Talc?

Talc is the softest known mineral with a pearly lustre. It can be green, white, grey, brown, or colourless. It is a monoclinic mineral with a sheet structure having perfect cleavage that follows planes between the weakly bonded sheets. These sheets are held together by Van der Waals bonds allowing them to slip past one another. This gives the mineral an extremely soft, greasy and soapy feel.

The most common form of talc is seen as talcum powder where the mineral is crushed into the form of white powder. This powder has the ability to absorb moisture, oil, odours, serve as a lubricant, and produce an astringent effect on human skin. All these properties make talc an important ingredient in baby powders, foot powders, first aid powders, and a variety of cosmetics application.

Soapstone is another widely known form of talc. This soft rock can be easily carved to make sculptures, bowls, countertops, sinks, hearths, pipe bowls, and many other ornamental and practical objects.

Moreover, the talc suppliers in India say that talc’s unique properties make it an important ingredient for making ceramics, paint, paper, roofing materials, plastics, rubber, insecticides, and many other products.

Uses of Talc

Talc is an important ingredient in rubber manufacturing, paint, paper industry, and also a primary ingredient in various cosmetics. Most people use products made from talc every day; however, they don’t realize that talc is in the product or the special role that it plays.

Some of the common uses of talc are:

  • Cosmetics and Antiperspirants
  • Roofing Materials
  • Pulp and Paper
  • Paints and Coatings
  • Plastic and Rubber
  • Cordierite Ceramics
  • Polyester Putties
  • Food
  • Personal Care
  • Pharmaceuticals

Talc for Plastics

Talc is used as a filler in plastic. Talc particles have a platy shape that increases the stiffness of products like polypropylene, vinyl, polyethene, nylon, and polyester. It also reduces shrinkage and increases its heat resisting power.

Talc for Ceramics

Talc is used in the manufacturing of ceramics products such as bathroom fixtures, ceramic tile, pottery, and dinnerware. Talc improves the firing characteristics and strengthens the finished product. Therefore, it is used as a filler in ceramic manufacturing.

Talc for Paint

Talc has a unique sheen which serves to whiten and brighten the paint. Paints are made from suspensions of mineral particles in a liquid. Where the liquid portion facilitates the application process and once it evaporates, the mineral particles remain on the wall. Talc is used as an extender and filler in paints. Moreover, the softness of talc reduces abrasion damage on spray nozzles and other equipment when the paint is applied.

Talc for Paper

Here again, talk mineral serves as a filler. Paper is made of pulp from organic fibres like wood, rags, and other organic materials. The talc fills spaces between the pulp fibres when rolled into thin sheets, resulting in a paper with a much smoother writing surface. Talc also improves opacity, brightness, and whiteness of the paper and its ability to absorb ink.

Talc for Cosmetics and Antiperspirants

The smooth and fine property of talc is used as a base in many cosmetic products. The tiny platelets of the mineral powder get attached to the skin quickly and can also be washed off easily without causing skin abrasion.

As mentioned earlier, the mineral also has the ability to absorb oils and perspiration produced by human skin.

Talc for Roofing Materials

Talc property can be used to improve its resistance to the weather. Therefore, it is added to the asphaltic materials that are used to make roofing materials. When dusted on the surface of roll roofing and shingles, it prevents sticking.

Other Uses of Talc

Finely grounded talc is used as a lubricant in many applications involving high temperatures. It has a tendency to survive in high temperature where other oil-based lubricants might get destroyed. The mineral is also used as a carrier for insecticides and fungicides. It can easily be blown through a nozzle and readily sticks to the leaves and stems of plants.

How Does Talc Form?

Talc mining in India is done at a few selected locations. Talc is found in metamorphic rocks of convergent plate boundaries. It is formed from two processes.

  1. Heated water carrying dissolved magnesium and silica reacts with dolomitic marbles.
  2. Heat and active fluids alter dunite and serpentinite like rocks into talc.

Talc Mining and Processing

Talc mines in India are open-pit mines. According to the talc miners,  rocks are drilled, blasted, and partially crushed in the mining operation. These rocks are then taken to a mill, where they are further grounded finely to meets customer requirements for particle size, brightness, composition, and other properties.